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Select Google from the dropdown menu. Using your mouse, click and drag the blue Google icon below to the home icon located in the upper right corner of your browser.
Then click yes in the pop-up box. Select Firefox from the menu bar, then click on Preferences. Click on Safari in the top Apple menu bar, then select Preferences.
Next to New windows open with , select Homepage from the drop down menu. Select Homepage from the next drop down menu next to New tabs open with.
Select Google from the drop down menu next to Default search engine. Your changes are automatically saved. Click on Opera from the top menu and select Settings , and then Preferences.
Next to Startup , select Start with home page from the drop down menu to see Google when you open your browser.
Try clicking on the name of your browser in the top menu and then selecting Preferences , Settings , or Options. If you have Tools in the top menu, click on it and then select Internet Options.
Or try downloading Google Chrome for a fast, free browsing experience. Chrome runs websites and applications with lightning speed.
Get a fast, free web browser. Take Google with you on your phone or tablet. Stay connected and share life as it happens.
Discover all the helpful features in Google. Skip to content. Instant access to Google in your browser Make Google my homepage. Make Google your homepage Get instant access to search, every time you open your browser.
Select the first option. Also want Google in the address bar? All done? Select Internet options. In the General tab, find the Search section and click Settings.
No reply has so far been received. He further added: This area is practically uninhabited. It is mountainous, even the valleys are at a height of 13, feet.
The exact time when Aksai Chin was annexed by China has not been disclosed till date. Three days later, Nehru further disclosed that China had already built a kilometer road, connecting Xinjiang and Tibet, which passes through Aksai Chin.
As the border dispute with China was taking an ugly turn it was necessary to sort out the differences through diplomatic channel.
The two sides finally agreed to meet in to resolve the border dispute. The Chinese premier Chou En-Lai had a marathon discussion with Nehru in New Delhi in the month of August, Chou En-Lai insisted that delimitation had never been carried out either on the eastern sector or on the western sector, whereas, Nehru referred to the existing Mcmahon line demarcating the respective territory of India and China.
Finally the Chinese premier offered to maintain status quo which meant that both sides would accept the border in line with the areas under their administrative control.
It was evident, China was more interested to retain control over Aksai Chin to facilitate quick movement of their supplies and troops to Tibet from XinJiang region.
As a quid pro quo , they would not claim NEFA now Arunachal Pradesh on the eastern sector. With this, the border dispute could be resolved once for all between the two nations.
Nehru had a great opportunity to resolve the border dispute with the Chinese Premier, nevertheless, he refused to budge probably because he was apprehensive about the backlash from the right wing parties.
An amicable solution of border dispute in with China was possibly the best course of action to prevent the Sino-Indian war of Now that India and Pakistan agreed to withdraw their respective troops behind UN monitored ceasefire line, it was time for Nehru to settle the future of Kashmir.
Sheikh wanted Kashmir to be part of India, because he thought, and therefore, convinced the people of Kashmir Valley that full freedom was impractical and joining Pakistan was against the secular principles of National Conference.
But Kashmir needed more autonomy with respect to the other states of India. Therefore, he proposed to have a separate Constituent Assembly for the state to draft its own constitution.
Delhi Agreement of was historic. The state was already accorded special status under article The head of the state and Government would be called Sadar-e-Riyasat and Prime Minister respectively.
Special permit would be required to enter the state. Matters relating to defence, foreign affairs and communication would be dealt by the centre.
In addition, Artcle 35 A was enacted in the Indian constitution in through a Presidential order to define permanent residents of the state and empower them with certain special privileges, such as, purchase of land and property in the state, right to vote and contest election, seek Government employment.
Non permanent residents were not entitled to these benefits. Artcle of Indian Constitution also gives certain special privileges to some of the North Eastern states to retain their ethnic character.
Artcle A states that no act of parliament will apply to Nagaland relating to religious and social practices of Nagas and ownership of transfer of land and resources, which means state legislature alone can take decisions in all such matters.
Artcle G with similar provisions is applicable for Mizoram. Article F and H with special provisions apply to Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh respectively.
Indian citizens need Inner Line Permit to enter Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. Some of these are listed below. History has been too unkind to the people of Kashmir.
There is a plethora of histories written on Kashmir and its people and almost all historians are unanimous in their opinion about exploitation of the Kashmiris due to relentless nonnative rule.
Ever since the annexation of Kashmir by the Mughals in , the region has never been ruled by Kashmiris themselves. After Mughals came the Afgans and after Afgans came the Sikhs.
Dogras ruled the state for hundred years until India and Pakistan took over. Kashmir was virtually treated as commodity when Dogras purchased the valley from British by paying Rs.
India and Pakistan decided to divide the state into two slices and kept one each to fulfill their own ambition of territorial expansionism.
Years of exploitation and oppression by the foreign rulers perhaps silenced the valley people. Each of the three top leaders, Sheikh Abdullah, Pandit Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, played a distinctive role in shaping the future of Kashmir.
By the time India was independent Sheikh became an undisputed leader of the valley. He had already called for freedom from the kingdom and establishment of democratic set up in the valley.
Kashmiris were ignorant about their right to participate in the democratic process. Sheikh made an immense contribution to the people of Kashmir to propagate the principles of secularism, pitfalls of the Dogra dynastic rule and establishment of a democratic set up.
But Sheikh Abdullah was quite vacillating in his character, which had often been reflected in his decision making.
In stead of earning a special status for Kashmir, he could have easily fought for independence of Kashmir in when he had the mass support behind him.
Sheikh, in consultation with his friend Nehru decided to choose the easier option to become Prime Minister of the partitioned state with truncated autonomy.
Azad Kashmir had shia dominated Muslim population and Sheikh had little influence on them. He advised Nehru not to proceed beyond Poonch and be content with the territory that Indian Army could recapture till December His sole objective was to oust Maharaja Hari Singh and compromise on the principle of complete autonomy of the valley.
When he realized his mistake in and started having dialogue with the Americans for economic assistance for an independent valley, it was too late.
He was imprisoned by his long time friend and guide Pandit Nehru. Sheikh, later on, repented his act of compromise in the Delhi Agreement of Nehru was a Kashmiri himself, so he had always been sentimental about Kashmir issue.
His decision making process on Kashmir was greatly influenced by emotions rather than logic and visionary strategy.
Such intense was his love for the valley that once he confided to Edwina Mountbatten: K ashmir affects me in a peculiar way; it is a kind of mild intoxication-like music sometimes or the company of a beloved person.
Source: Indian Summer by Alex Von Tunzelman. Nehru wanted Kashmir to be an integral part of India, but he was always fearful about staging a war which would undermine his stature as a peace loving person.
Nehru, Mountbatten, Sam Manekshaw, Patel were debating in a meeting in Delhi about sending troops to Srinagar. Nehru, as usual as told by Manekshaw to Ms.
Tunzelman , was attempting to contextualize the Kashmir situation, talking about it in relation to Russia, the US, the UN. Eventually Patel exploded: Jawaharlal, do you want Kashmir or do you want to give it away?
Nehru replied: Of course, I want Kashmir. Before he could add anything else, Patel turned to Manakshaw, and said: You have your orders.
It was Patel who went off to All India Radio and ordered a command requisitioning private aircraft. It was Patel who organized the fly-in of Indian troops to Kashmir the next day.
Only later did Mountbatten realize that the Home Minister must have had the whole operation planned in advance.
Nehru never wanted full autonomy of Kashmir. On more than one occasion he had shown his apprehension about the stability of an independent Kashmir.
People may argue- why did Nehru favour a plebiscite in the Indian part of Kashmir? Nehru had two objectives in mind-One, he was quite confident of the result of a plebiscite in Indian part due to the enormous influence Sheikh commanded over the people in the valley; and two, Volunteering a democratic process would magnify his image, for sure, at the global level.
After the imprisonment of Sheikh Abbdullah in , when he expressed bitterness about Delhi agreement and started talking about an independent Kashmir, did Nehru backtrack his opinion on plebiscite.
This he did on the advice of Sheikh who never wanted his territory beyond Poonch. Jinnah always played his Islamic card.
When Kashmir decided to join India, he felt kind of deceived by the Maharaja and the British more precisely Lord Mountbatten. Kashmir could have easily acceded to Pakistan in stead of India in October Mehr Chand Mahajan was the Prime Minister under Maharaja Hari Singh when the Instrument of Accession was signed.
In the meeting, Mahajan told the Indian Prime Minister: Give Army, take accession and give whatever powers you want to give to the popular party National Conference , but the Army must fly to Srinagar this evening.
I have the orders to go to Pakistan in case immediate military aid i s not given. Nehru became so upset that he immediately retorted back: Mahajan, go away.
Mahajan got up and and was about to leave the room when sardar Patel said: Of course, Mahajan, You are not going to Pakistan.
Just then a piece of paper was passed over to Nehru. Nehru read it out loudly: Sheikh Sahib also says the same thing.
Sheikh was sitting in the adjacent room and was hearing all the conversation. Nehru then told Mahajan to wait for a decision of the Defence Council meeting which was held later in the day.
When a diplomat in Delhi asked Abdullah what he thought of the option of independence, he answered that it would never work as Kashmir was too small and too poor.
Relationship between Nehru and Sheikh was turning sour a few months after signing the Delhi Agreement. Sheikh Abdullah who once stated that independent Kashmir was not in his agenda, started talking about bidding goodbye to the Delhi Government.
His meeting with US Political Analyst Adlai Stevenson added some more spices to the discussions over coffee in the political circles of Delhi.
The talks disturbed Nehru who confided to his sister Ms Vijay Laxmi Pandit that he was not feeling comfortable with the behaviour of his long standing friend.
Nehru finally got the recalcitrant Sheikh Sahib imprisoned in and replaced him with Bakshi Gulam Muhammad.
Kashmir was never at ease with the new head of the state. The ten years of his administration was marred by sporadic violence and riots, the worst of which was the theft of a relic from Hazratbal mosque.
One of the greatest contribution of Sheikh Abdullah to the Kashmiri people was his land reform. With the new land holding restriction in place, the zamindars could hold land up to 22 acres.
The peasant class was immensely benefited. The people who were oppressed by the landlord class for centuries became the owners of land and this change had an electrifying effect among the downtrodden people of the valley.
Slowly a transformation was taking place in the valley. Kashmiris became aware of their democratic rights of which they were deprived of until yesterday.
A nationalistic feeling for the state was taking shape among the common people. The rise of National Conference, removal of Maharaja from the seat of power, uprising of home grown leaders, owning a flag and constitution, exercising adult franchise to elect representatives to the assembly-all these created a constitutive identity known as Kashmiriyat.
Sheikh Abdullah and other leaders of National Conference nurtured the idea of Kashmiriyat through political rallies, speeches, religious sermons, newspaper articles, educational institutions.
The testimony of Kashmiriyat could easily be perceived during Indo-Pak war. Radio Pakistan announced that a popular uprising had broken out in the valley.
In August , Pakistan masterminded infiltration of thousands of troops into the Kashmir valley to incite a popular rebellion against the Indian Administration.
However, in stead of getting any support from the people of the valley, their effort was thwarted, so much so that some of the intruders were handed over to the Indian Army.
The refusal of Kashmiri Muslims to support the intruders was the manifestation of Kashmiri nationalism which was notably missing during the Pashtun invasion of The situation of the valley underwent drastic changes from the mid eighties due to certain internal and external factors out of which the following three are considered to have impacted maximum on the peace and stability of the valley.
First was the election of Muslim United Front and National Conference in alliance with Congress were fighting the election.
The election was marred by rampant rigging, manipulation under the direct influence of Rajiv Gandhi Government at the centre. The game plan was to make Farooq Abdullah the Chief Minister who was considered subservient to the Congress party.
MUF was was the coalition of like minded Muslim parties which came together in and which, as many predicted, would win the mandate.
The MUF leader, Mohammad Yousuf Shah, was falsely implicated in the rigged election. He was subsequently imprisoned. Kashmiris observed with horror how democratic principles were throttled.
The unfortunate rigging gave rise to a number of militant outfits, notable among them were Hizb-Ul-Mujahedin and Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front JKLF.
Second was the operation Tupac launched by ISI of Pakistan in Under this scheme, instead of sending troops into the valley, it started brainwashing the local youth to resort to violence against the armed forces of India.
These young Kashmiri Jihadis were trained with modern weapons in Pakistan and sent back to Kashmir to cause disintegration of India. General Zia-Ul-Haq laid out the evil designs of this proxy war in a secret meeting in Islamabad in There should be no mistake, our aim is totally clear and strong liberation of Kashmir valley.
We cannot allow our Kashmiri brethren to remain with India for a long time. Though the people of the valley are mentally and physically with us, but they are very simple minded people and, therefore, they cannot fight like punjabis and Afganis against foreign rule.
Source: Memorial of Mistakes converted Kashmir- A bitter saga of Religious Conversion by Narender Sehgal. ISI has been successful in taking youths from Kashmir to training camps set up in Pakistan to train them in sophisticated weapons.
But the biggest success of operation Tupac is that it could change the mindset of the youths to act against the establishment and take up arms against those who are anti-jihadis.
Social cohesion was under huge stress. Thousands of Kashmiri pandits fled the valley for fear of life. Kashmir valley virtually witnessed an ethnic cleansing in Third issue was the rise of separatist movement called Hurriya t meaning liberty.
ISI played an active role in the formation of Hurriyat conference in One faction of Hurriyat advocates the idea of independent Kashmir, whereas, the other faction views Kashmir as part of Pakistan.
The turn of events in the last thirty years or so have made Kashmir a battleground of competing ideologies. The Kashmiriyat which was once inculcated among the people of the valley, is giving way to Islamic fundamentalism.
The community known for its secular principles, liberal ethos, nationalistic fervour is slowly abandoning the core of syncretism.
The ideal solution to Kashmir problem is to merge the valley with Azad Kashmir and make it an independent country, while maintaining status quo with Jammu, Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan.
The decision has to be taken after a due diligence considering the presence of other stake holders of the region. The prevailing situation in the northern and western part of Kashmir has made the valley strategically more important for India.
In , Indian think tank never thought about the importance of Kashmir from geopolitical perspective.
Even if we consider to grant full autonomy to Kashmir from humanitarian perspective, it could prove to be a disastrous decision from strategic view point.
Strategically Kashmir is surrounded by three nuclear powered countries. The mountain ranges along with the line of control works as the first line of defence, without which Himachal Pradesh and the plains of Jammu and Punjab will be under direct threat from Pakistan.
China Pakistan Economic Corridor CPEC will provide China direct access as the route passes through Gilgit-Baltistan. Most important issue is the water resource.
India must never lose the relative advantage of water resources by holding onto Kashmir valley and using it as a diplomatic checkmate if situation so warrants.
India can never leave Siachin Glacier which is acting as a buffer zone in the Northern Frontier. Having said that, the question still remains about the purpose of the Government towards abrogation of Article , when much of it has already been diluted over the years, and provisions of Article give certain special powers to other states as well.
However, the special Provision relating to ownership of property by the residents of the state under Artcle 35 A existed long before Kashmir was annexed to India.
In fact Maharaja Hari Singh introduced this provision in , which got incorporated in Indian Constitution in to maintain status quo ante.
Prime Minister Modi has stated that Kashmiris were so long deprived of the benefits of development. In his outreach to Kashmiris, he has assured that integration will lead to greater investment in infrastructure and industries which will generate employment and improve the purchasing power of the people.
However, no Government in the world, howsoever strong it may be, is in a position to put a stop to the Fidayeen attack. We are not aware if the BJP Government at the centre has drawn up a meticulous counter-offensive plan to deter such menacing activities.
Decision so important as this should have been preceded by a due diligence exercise without which it could prove to be yet another tactical blunder.
Prime Minister Vajpayee once in said: Issues on Kashmir can be resolved if we are guided by three principles of Insaniyat humanity , Jamoohriyat democracy and Kashmiriyat.
History will never be kind to us if a decision is taken without giving a thought to the possible impact it could have on the various stake holders Kashmiris are important stake holder.
Rajiv Gandhi made a blunder by amending the constitution to deny the entitlement of alimony to Shah Banu in order to uphold the provision of Sharia.
Only months later, he created another blunder to restore the balance between the two communities by opening the lock of Ayodhya temple.
The country is still suffering from its aftermath. India with nine hundred million voters is by far the largest democracy in the world.
USA with million voters is a distant second in the race. Now that the polling festival has come to an end, the drama….
The analysis of the policies, strategies and programmes which failed to produce the desired result are sure to give a lot of insight to the opposition parties into the causes of their defeat.
Shiv Kumari Gautam stays at a small hut at Semra, a remote village under Amethi constituency. She earns her livelihood, like many others in her village, as a daily wage earner.
Her income is a paltry Rs. After the death of her husband she has become the only bread earner in her family comprising six members to feed.
It was a big surprise for her, when on a chilly morning of 14th January, , Rahul Gandhi along with David Miliband, British Secretary of state, visited her thatched one room house.
Rahul Gandhi ate food in her house and stayed overnight in her charpoy. I will raise your issue in the parliament. Things will change very soon.
Shiv Kumari stares at the cultivable land. She is a worried person with five children-how to feed them. She became a celebrity overnight in Yes, a truckload of bricks was sent to her doorstep to construct a pucca house.
Nobody has since enquired about her. She has reconciled to the situation that she has to fight a lone battle to make both ends meet.
Smriti Irani lost the electoral battle of Amethi in She identified Barulia, a small remote village without any connectivity to the outer world for adoption by Manohar Parrikar under the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana.
Today the village has pucca road, a number of toilets, improved irrigation facility and solar lights. After observing the excitement and enthusiasm among the villagers, Parrikar decided to adopt another village, Hariharpur, under Amethi constituency in In the absence of Parrikar, Smriti Irani started looking after these villages.
Rahul Gandhi and Bill Gates addressed the villagers and the self help group. Bill Gates explained the importance of computer at the gatherings and offered to extend support to create an IT hub in Amethi.
But they were told that he was the richest man from America. On becoming prime minister in , Narendra Modi promised achhe din for the 1.
Restoring economic vigour through good governance and decisive reforms was at the top of his agenda. Reforms, such as, scaling up foreign direct investment, boosting domestic consumption by entry of multi brand retail, land reform for easier acquisition of land to facilitate industrial growth, labour reform, disinvestment of public sector units, restructuring some of the government departments, such as, Food Corporation of India, Indian Railways, Planning Commission were some of the steps that Modi thought, would catapult the economy to a higher growth trajectory.
Aravind Panagariya was brought in from from Columbia University to take charge of Government of India think tank Niti Aayog.
Panagarya views growth as panacea for all economic ills and therefore, economic reforms must be strengthened. One idea was to transform the economy by factor market reform, i.
With all the reforms plan drawn in his sketch book, Modi had visioned to take the Indian economy from two trillion dollar to 10 trillion dollar by Modi, however, got a big jolt in the assembly election of Bihar in Modi stumbled; decided on a course correction.
The economic agenda for reforms was replaced by a series of welfare measures. Modi and his team wanted to reach the electorate at the grass root level.
He wanted to reach every nook and cranny of the country. He wanted to establish a direct communication link with the downtrodden masses.
A series of welfare schemes were announced to benefit the rural and urban poor. Modi wanted to remain firmly seated even after Gauri, a dalit woman from a remote town in West Bengal aged about 50 years was ecstatic on getting possession of her two bedroom brick built house.
Gauri makes her both ends meet by working as a maid servant in a number of houses. She has been living in a thatched house until now. Today she has a pucca house with a toilet, LPG connection and an electric meter.
She received Rs. She had paid only Rs. There are lakhs of Gauri all over India who have been beneficiary of PM Awas Yojana. Inclusive finance became the new pillar of Modinomics.
Jan Dhan Yojana to open bank account for the BPL families benefited over million people. Modi implemented Direct Benefit Transfer DBT of subsidy on LPG and food security by linking bank account with Aadhar card.
Today, million people get payments through bank DBT for various welfare schemes. The leakage of revenue has virtually stopped.
People have started getting the benefit of all welfare schemes directly in their bank account. PM Gramin Awas Yojana is set to benefit 2 million houses in rural India.
Under Ujjwala Yojana , the Government has already provided LPG gas connection to 40 million people. If we take an average family size of 5, this scheme alone will impact million people who are categorized under BPL.
Seeing the positive response, the Government now plans to cover another 40 million households. Seems impossible? But Modi is personally monitoring its implementation.
By March , the number of open defecation free cities in India are more than In rural areas more than 70 million toilets have already been constructed out of million households that do not have toilets.
Mudra loan is yet another flagship programme of Modi Government to extend credit to micro amd small enterprises.
These enterprises can avail loan up to Rs. The universal health care scheme, if implemented without any big hitches, can sway a large number of voters towards Modi.
The publicity, especially the audio and visual communication, helps in reaching the beneficiaries effectively. The maximum no of of patients are from a Congress ruled state, Chattishgarh, which was reluctant to implement the scheme initially.
Delivery at your doorstep! The e-commerce industries have become successful today due to their ability to deliver any product at any remote corner of a country.
A man residing at a remote town, Jhumri Telaiah in Jharkhand, can become a customer for a silk saree sold at chikpet market of Bangalore or a chandelier sold at Firozabad of UP.
Modi has perhaps taken a leaf out the global supply chain management of e-commerce industries and meticulously implemented it to ensure the last mile delivery of his schemes.
Under his Government, a person sitting in a remote village of Mechuka in Arunachal Pradesh gets the benefit of LPG connection or Modi health care, just as the people of Maharashtra and Gujarat can get.
He is no longer isolated. He is part of the system. No Government prior to NDA has paid so much attention to reach out to rural masses.
The conundrum of attaining electoral success for the grand old party has become a kind of challenge for the poll experts.
Lot of post poll analysis has been done to find out the reasons for the debacle Congress has faced in election. But this jibe instigated Modi to make a course correction midway from his reform agenda to inclusive development agenda.
His allegation of corruption in Rafale aircraft deal was magnified out of proportion by a section of media as if to score a point against Modi.
Arun Shourie, Yashwant Sinha and Prashant Bhushan spearheaded the attack , ably supported by N Ram of HIndu.
Rahul was misguided and misinformed thoroughly. Praveen Chakravarty, the management graduate from Wharton school and an investment banker by profession was engaged by Rahul Gandhi to head Shakti, the data analytics group of Congress.
Not only did Shakti fail to assess the mood of the voter, but it gave wrong advice to the Congress President to continue his relentless attack on corruption issue in Rafale agreement.
The idea to checkmate Modi with the slogan Chowkidar chor hai fell flat on the voters. The huge rural vote bank and majority of urban population were totally ignorant of Rafale issue.
How Rahul Gandhi was deluded about the ground level situation has been amply reflected by the post poll introspection by Shekhar Gupta in his online news portal OpIndia.
We were finding gas cylinders. We would even peek inside a house and find a gas cylinder. But I have videos…. The actual beneficiaries were a bit surprised too, because, they are used to the system of cut money even to get days employment under MNREGA.
Vote boxes did reflect their feelings. Robert M Pirsig in his best seller book, Zen and the art of motor cycle maintenance published in mid seventies , has divided human understanding in two categories: romantic understanding and classical understanding.
A classical understanding sees the world primarily from an underlying form itself. A romantic understanding sees it primarily in terms of immediate appearance.
The romantic mode is primarily inspirational, imaginative, intuitive. Feelings, not facts, predominate. The classical mode proceeds by reasoning, analysis, and therefore, facts predominate in it.
Pirsig draws an example from motor cycle maintenance. When the motor cycle is analysed part by part into major assemblies, minor assemblies, detailed parts, such as, cylinders, piston.
Thus motorcycle riding is romantic, motorcycle maintenance is purely classic. This analogy is appropriate in Indian political scene too, because, when we look at the strategy of the two main political parties of India, Congress depended more on rhetoric, whereas, BJP adopted a classical approach to reach to the granular level.
The planning, strategizing, organizing and above all the execution excellence of the party can dwarf the think tank of some of the professionally managed companies.
The strategy was decided by central leadership. Its execution was entrusted at the grass root level. In its execution plan, BJP divided a state unit into seven levels, starting from state level, to district, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, Mandal, Shakti Kendra and ending at booth Itlevel.
Each Mandal has 50 to 60 booths under its jurisdiction. A committee of 12 to 15 karyakartas are made in charge of a Mandal. Then there are shakti pramukhs made in charge of Shakti Kendras comprising five to six booths.
Below shakti pramukhs are booth palaks to take care of around to voters. In the lowest rung of the ladder is Panna Pramukh to target 50 to 60 voters.
The panna pramukhs are trained to apprise their target voters about various welfare schemes and cross check if the benefits are actually reaching them.
The communication channel from panna pramukh to the district level is made so disciplined and methodical, that any loophole noticed at the ground level is plugged instantaneously.
The implementation strategy was a bottom-up one, not the other way round as followed by Congress. In comparison to the well oiled electoral machinery that BJP could muster, perhaps made possible, due a huge cadre base and micro planning, Rahul Gandhi depended on hired workmen who failed to walk an extra mile to convince the voters.
Feedback mechanism, so pertinent, was completely missing, which, in a way trapped Rahul Gandhi into a make-believe situation, created by his sycophants and a section of media.
Urban middle class discarded the idea for the fear of additional tax burden. The journey for Rahul Gandhi from to has been tough and arduous.
The road was not a flat bed, rather full of potholes without any noticeable back up support. Resurfacing it with a fresh layer of asphalt may not yield the desired result.
The situation demands a complete overhaul. Let it be a process driven exercise without an element of subjectivity. Leave aside your oversize ego; pull all your resources to strike a chord with the masses; change over from traditional top-down to bottom-up democracy.
People are sure to repose faith in you, once a reasonable degree of credibility is established. Till that time, the need of the hour is to play a constructive role as an opposition, both in and out of parliament, else, it would undermine the democratic accountability.
Hope the party leadership will withstand the test of time. Bongs are born intellectuals. They often consider themselves culturally superior to rest of the Indians.
If you are ready to accept some quirks, a little bit eccentricity, you can live happily in a Bong neighbourhood. He lost a bengali friend after confessing that he also liked Sri Lankan teas, and the finest from Nuwara Eliya possess fragrance unlike….
To her, there is no civilized option to the very Bengali oeuvre of Darjeeling tea, and that narrowed down to the offerings to two particular estates, Makaibari and Lopchu.
You come to Bengal and confront any Bengali, he will talk about the intellectual awakening of Bengal of the 19th century, somewhat similar to the renaissance movement of Europe of 16th century.
He will talk about Tagore, Vivekananda, Vidyasagar and Netaji in the same breath. Today, when Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee declares that she will make Kolkata a look-alike London, you realize that Bengalis are still living in the colonial hangover, because this was the second best city in the British empire.
Bengalis love spending their time basking in the glorious past, debating and discussing on the legendary icons of 19th century.
She even declared that Kolkata would become the cultural capital of the world. To prove her point, she started renaming all metro stations after the names of legends of Bengal.
She built a number of auditoriums, amphitheatres to foster cultural activities. She is fond of invoking names of all the legends in her speeches- we are the land of Rabindranath Thakur, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Rammohan Roy, Swami Vivekanand, Nazrul Islam.
Aagami dine ei Bangla aabar Bharatke path dekhabe. Bengal will once again show the way forward to India in future. In every Bengali, you will find the romanticism of an Apu , depicted beautifully by Satyajit Ray in his debut film, Pather Panchali.
The romanticism will not be manifested ordinarily, but when you join an adda , over garam chai and alu chop , you will discover the idealistic intellect which makes serious issues, such as poverty, hunger and death mundane.
Watching them discuss varied topics even in an environment of small shanty, you might, perhaps, be amazed at their erudite knowledge. On the other hand, if you visit College Street Coffee House, you will encounter a different set of intellectual crowd.
The cigarettes, the aroma of coffee, the crunchy fish fry along with endless discussion on Jean Paul Sartre, Zen, Fidel Castro, Henry Miller or Paolo Coelho are bound to mesmerize you, in case you are a first timer.
Ramachandra Guha compares Bengalis to the French for this habit of nirbhejal without any qualms adda.
I stood by a particular group one day and struck a conversation. In Kolkata, you can discuss any topic with anybody at any place. Yes, it could be in a taxi, or in a non-descriptive shanty, or on a road.
Grab your bros and plunge yourself into a breathtaking air combat action! Hustle Castle. Become the lord and master of a real medieval castle! Juggernaut Wars.
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